Transport Research Laboratory TRL Rules Road Crash Cause

Incorrect Transport Research Laboratory and British Government Rules - Root Cause of Road Crashes

Road crashes resulting in death, injury and damage have 2 root causes;

  1. Using dual, rather than the original car controls to train learner drivers since 1900, and
  2. Using 5 incorrect Transport Research Laboratory TRL stopping formulas since 1946 as follows:

Speed

TRL 1946 -2019 Highway Code

By Parliament

 

TRL 1981

Quimby Watts

Roads Policing

 

TRl 2007

York Farrell

Rules of the Road

 

TRL 2012 RPN2213

York Farrell

Rules of the Road

 

TRL 2017

Richard Cuerden

Brake Charity

Km/h

R

B

TSD

 

R

B

TSD

 

R

B

TSD

 

R

B

TSD

 

R

B

TSD

30    

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

6

6

12

 

8

3

11

32

6

6

12

 

20

6

6

 

5.5

5.3

10.8

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

40

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

8

10

18

 

17

9

26

48

9

14

23

 

29

14

43

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

50

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

9.2

14.8

24

 

10

15

25

 

21

15

36

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

60

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

11

21.4

32.4

 

12

21

33

 

25

21

46

64

12

24

36

 

39

24

63

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

70

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

29

29

58

80

15

38

23

 

49

38

87

 

14.7

38

52.7

 

16

36

52

 

33

38

71

90

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

38

47

85

96

18

55

73

 

59

55

114

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

100

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

18.3

59.4

77.7

 

20

50

70

 

42

59

101

110

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

46

71

117

112

21

75

96

 

68

75

143

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

120

 

 

 

 

73

86

159

 

22

85.5

107.5

 

24

78

102

 

50

86

136

R: Reaction Distance Metres. B: Braking Distance Metres. TSD: Total Stopping Distance Metres

  • I invite rule makers worldwide to disprove my findings by demonstration while using VBOX.

In 1933 TRL, established by the British Government designed the incorrect stopping formula used unchanged in the Highway Code since introduced by Parliament 73 years ago on 31 07 1946. TRL was privatised in 1996 and by 2017 had designed 5 incorrect stopping formulas. Road crashes involve one or more drivers failing to stop in available time and distance. TRLs stopping formulas are incorrect and mislead their 1,000 clients in 145 countries worldwide, including Ireland, UK, USA, Germany, Iowa University and other Research Centres.

TRL incorrectly allow Thinking/Perception/Reaction before braking of 0.67 to 2.20 seconds 22 to 73 metres, braking distances which are beyond emergency standard and for one-way roads only.

In 1997, I made my discovery and wrote the Driving ScoreCard Research 1 to 300 km/h to prove that TRL stopping distances are incorrect and the Driving ScoreCard System 10 to 120 km/h to train and test drivers or assess the standard of rule makers, roads, cars and their drivers.

TRL, Roads Policing, the Attorney General, Health and Safety Authority HSA, National Standards Agency of Ireland NSAI, Irish National Accreditation Board INAB and others referred my queries on TRLs stopping formulas to the Road Safety Authority RSA. The RSA Commissioned TRL to review stopping and TRL, now advising the British Government for 86 years, produced Report RPN2213 for SRA, Not RSA, as well as many Reports for the EU. The Highway Code referred me to the USA, while the British Government referred me to the Highway Code and DVSA, who claim the Highway Code stopping formula has passed into history.

The European Union EU referred me to the European Commission EC, who referred me to Europe Direct ED who firstly referred me to an unnamed expert in an unsigned email and then 10 different Organisations…

On 22 08 2019 @ 10;45, Europe Direct Contact Centre EDCC responded in an unsigned email, reference No. 101000507220; “Further to your enquiry, if you want your voice to be heard we encourage you to consult the platforms available for citizen engagement in the European Union process. Please consult the following links:

  1. Online Citizens Consultation
  2. Consultation on the future of Europe.
  3. Give your opinion on the REFIT platform – Making EU Law simpler and less costly.
  4. Subscribe to Sinapse Portal of the European Commission, where you can exchange your point of view on the EU policy topics.
  5. The Europeans Citizen’s Initiative
  6. Public consultation
  7. Petition to a Member of the European Parliament
  8. Citizens' Dialogues Meetings it’s about the future of Europe Let’s talk
  9. Contribute to law making, and finally
  10. Mobility and Transport Road Safety Policies.

“We hope you find this information useful. Please contact us again if you have other questions about the European Union, its activities or institutions.”

On 13 08 2019, the House of Commons Transport Committee, having rejected my discovery and failed to allow me the 48 seconds required to prove my discovery, was nevertheless concerned about the use of mobile phones by drivers and the tragic consequences so, held a one-off evidence session on the subject with:

  1. Dr Shaun Helman, Chief Scientist on Transportation at the Transport Research Laboratory TRL,
  2. Drs Gemma Briggs and Graham Hole Senior Lecturers in Psychology, and
  3. Nick Lyes, Head of Roads Policy at the RAC. The RAC Foundation is a registered charity and independent of both RAC Motoring Services and the Royal Automobile Club.

On 19 05 2017, Richard Cuerden, the Chief Scientist at TRL, a member of the Parliamentary Advisory Council for Transport Safety PACTS, a trustee for the road safety Charity Brake, with responsibility for a wide variety of research and vehicle testing programmes, including project management of the UK's On The Spot road collisions investigation team on behalf of the UK's Department for Transport and in partnership with Thames Valley Police, developed Department for Transport THINK! Campaigns, acted as technical consultant for the making of television adverts, ensuring they were realistic relevant - including drink driving, speed, seat belt wearing, mobile phone distraction, investigating automotive injury mechanisms and establishing future vehicle design priorities - to prevent future road casualties, collected and analysed data that was used to develop EuroNCAP and European Union vehicle safety regulations, Providing undergraduate and postgraduate teaching and research programmes. Publishing peer reviewed research papers, author of Mechanics of Emergency Braking has misled journalists, EuroNCAP and TRLs 1,000 clients worldwide.

On 13 08 2019, the day of the House of Commons Debate on mobile phone use while driving, Dr. Shaun Helman wrote, “A debate about hands-free and hand-held phone use is welcome, but if we want to stop people dying it completely misses the point”.

The Institution of Occupational Safety and Health IOSH, claim to be the biggest health and safety membership organisation in the world. IOSH, commissioned Dr Graham Grayson and Dr Shaun Helman of the Transport Research Laboratory (TRL) to Review the Literature on the effectiveness of interventions.

  • TRL was Reviewing Literature from the past but now had 5 different Stopping Formulas.

In 2006, Vanderbilt neuroscientists Paul E. Dux and René Marois were the first to identify the regions of the brain responsible for ‘bottlenecks’, which driving instructors failed to understand and used four dual controls to prevent tuition car crashes, not as a training aid, a system not used by other skill trainers, while

In 2012, Neuroscientist Professor Sarah-Jane Blakemore discovered, ‘The Mysterious Workings and late development of the Adolescent Brain’. In 2018, Blakemore won the Royal Society Science Book Prize for her book on adolescent brains.

  • Drivers cannot be trained with dual controls and TRLs stopping formulas are incorrect

One of the 5 incorrect and complicated TRL stopping formulas is used in Germany, while others are used at Iowa State University and by Research Centres worldwide, crash investigators and training centres.

In 1997, Vision Zero, that no one shall be killed or seriously injured in traffic was adopted in Sweden but 250 road users die each year 22 years later. In 2018, Vision Zero London was launched with a promise of no fatalities by 2041. On 04 04 2019, the European Commission Tweeted and the RSA re Tweeted, Vision Zero by 2050 (The RSA Link may now be removed). Auckland introduced Vision Zero by 2050. The National Safety Council launched Vision Zero 2050 based on Rand Research, while

  • The World Health Organisation WHO report that by 2030, traffic accidents will be the fifth biggest cause of death worldwide, while there are approximately 200 injuries for each fatality

In 2018, Drew Harris, the Deputy Chief Police Constable of the Police Service of Northern Ireland PSNI having used the TRL designed Highway Code stopping formula introduced by Parliament on 31 07 1946, for 34 years, became the Garda Commissioner, where Gardai use the 1981 AR Quimby and GR Watts stopping formula. Commissioner Drew Harris and his Deputy Commissioner John Twomey differ on stopping from a speed of 112 km/h by 47 metres and Gardai allow maximum speed of 120 km/h or speed of 8 km/h higher than the PSNI. This is a further complication for the penalty point and driver disqualification system in Ireland.

  • Correspondence posted by registered post to the Garda Commissioner Drew Harris on 07 06 2019 does not appear to have been delivered while a complaint about this is not dealt with.
  • Chief Superintendent Aiden Reid was allowed retire without dealing with stopping issues.
  • In June 2012, Iain York at TRL issued the RSA with unpublished Report RPN2213 on stopping, which was prepared for the Unknown SRA and contradicted the previous TRL stopping formulas. The RSA CEO Noel Brett left the RSA and later the board of the Policing Authority without dealing with the incorrect RPN2213 or the different TRL stopping distances provided to Gardai and the RSA.
  • TRL RPN2213 was used by Moyagh Murdock the newly appointed RSA CEO to answer Parliamentary Questions 721/2 on stopping, posed on my behalf by Deputy Roisin Shortall TD.
  • In 2010, Assistant Commissioner (Now Deputy) John Twomey referred my research discovery and difference of 51 metres in stopping from 120 km/h between Gardai and the RSA to the RSA.
  • The retired Roads Policing Inspector Michael Brosnan as a Garda and RSA Research Manager failed to deal with the different TRL stopping formulas provided to Gardai and the RSA.
  • The retired Roads Policing Assistant Commissioner Eddie Rock as a Garda and RSA Board Member failed to deal with the different TRL stopping formulas provided to Gardai and the RSA.

On 18 02 2019, the European Transport Safety Council ETSC Publication; Reducing Speed in Europe PIN Flash 36, INCORRECTLY claims; “2,100 lives could be saved each year if the average speed dropped by only 1 km/h on all roads across the EU”. The ETSC is one of the 1,000 clients misled by TRL on speed and stopping. There is no evidence to support this claim by the ETSC.

In 2007, I brought my research discovery to the attention of TRL and on 31 07 2018 and 29 09 2018, I brought my research discovery to the attention of TRLs CEO Rob Wallis, that the Highway Code and Rules of the Road Stopping Distances designed by TRL, appear incorrect since 1946 and are a root cause of road crashes resulting in death, injury and damage, as outlined at drivingscorecard.com. I enclosed copies of TRLs previous responses. Linda Cook, TRL information Centre confirmed on 17 05 2007 that TRL uses the Highway Code stopping distances, while on 08 09 2008 Rosemary Hill, TRL Library and Information Centre confirmed that the stopping formula could not be located and to contact the Road Safety Authority RSA, who commissioned TRL. The RSA confirmed that they do not know the stopping formula used in the Rules of the Road since 1957 and TRL designed a new stopping formula RPN2213 for SRA, not RSA.

  • A response is awaited from Rob Wallis, however

On 07 05 2019, after 6 years as CEO of TRL, the UK’s Transport Research Laboratory, and also CEO of its parent company, the Transport Research Foundation (TRF), Rob Wallis has informed the TRF Board of his wish to step down. 

Summary

TRL mislead their 1,000 clients in 145 countries worldwide on stopping distances. Drivers cannot be trained correctly with dual controls or tested in 50 km/h areas with ramps dictating a speed of 10 km/h, while

Politicians, lobbyists and photo enforcement executives have been convicted of felony crimes ranging from forgery to bribery.

Conclusion

Road safety appears lost in a mixture of Fear of admitting mistakes, loss of revenue, ignorance, collusion, passing responsibility to other organisations, malpractice and possible corruption.

Road fatalities are with us in Ireland for 150 years 1869 to 2019.

I invite rule makers worldwide to watch a demonstration of the Driving ScoreCard System based on VBOX measurements or alternatively disprove my research findings by demonstration while using VBOX.

Frank Cullinane Road Crash Investigator and Researcher