The Driving ScoreCard System
by
Frank Cullinane
2019
Driving since 1885
The aim is to eliminate road crashes worldwide
About the Author
Frank Cullinane witnessed, investigated and researched over 1,000 fatal road crashes.
I witnessed, investigated and researched over 1,000 fatal road crashes. I worked alongside and participated in sport with young people who were involved in crashes, some of which were fatal and others with injuries so severe that they required a lifetime of care and attention. I wrote the Driving ScoreCard System, based on VBOX measurements to be taught over a 3year period, preferably between 12 and 17 years of age. The aim is to eliminate road crashes worldwide, not just death and injury crashes.
Frank Cullinane
Introduction
According to the sign displayed at the entrance to the University Hospital Galway, “It takes 10,000 hours to be good at what you do”. This is 5 years to learn a skill trade or profession. Since 1899, drivers are the only skill performers taught worldwide with the aid of dual controls, in 2 to 12 hours and with 5 incorrect Transport Research Laboratory TRL stopping formulas. When these drivers are tested in 50 km/h areas with ramps installed dictating a speed of 20 km/h, they crash, fatally injure themselves and over 1.5 million road users worldwide annually. There are over 100 injuries for each fatality, with an estimated 10,000 material damage crashes for each fatality, most of which are never reported or recorded. It is these fatalities and injuries that are wasting police crash investigators time, causing delays on the roads, overcrowding and a waste of the medical staff time at University Hospital Galway Accident and Emergency Departments and Accident and Emergency Departments all over Ireland and worldwide.
The normal braking distances outlined are for a standard car, dry or wet oneway up or downhill roads and Emergency braking is not required when a car is driven normally, so therefore is not included in totals.
Learning most skills, trades or professions performed while stationary, seated, or at running speed require an apprenticeship of 3 to 7 years, with a dropout rate of approximately 25% in many cases. The Driving ScoreCard System is designed based on research of road crashes, VBOX measurements and the findings of neuroscientists, to be taught by qualified teachers, without the aid of dual controls. The Driving ScoreCard System standard can assess the standard and speed limitation or the medical profession, rule makers, driver trainers and testers, Police, roads, cars and their drivers worldwide to 120 km/h in 48 seconds 800 metres.
The Road Safety Strategy 2013 – 2020 states: “There are now many professionals working in the area of road safety with the state; these include staff in the Road Safety Authority, National Roads Authority, Health and Safety Authority, National Transport Authority, Local Authorities and Government departments as well as in the private sector. Yet there is no academic qualification in the subject of road safety. The Road Safety Authority RSA will examine the feasibility of some academic authority establishing such a qualification within the lifetime of this strategy”.
It may now be a fear of the consequences and loss of revenue which prevents many rule makers from admitting to their mistakes
 · I invite rule makers worldwide to disprove my findings, by demonstration, not in writing.
The Driving ScoreCard System is as follows:
Frank Cullinane
Stage 1: The Driving ScoreCard System
Acceleration (Drive) and braking (Stop) are related tasks with speed increased at a rate of 10 km/h each 3 seconds and stopped normally 3 times faster in 1 second and stopped in emergency 6 times faster in 0.50 seconds. When speed doubles the time required also doubles, while the distance required increases 4 times and twoway road traffic require two distances in one time.
The Driving ScoreCard System to be taught without the aid of dual controls has many advantages. The time required to Brake to a Stop is not alone known by drivers but also by their passengers. Speed of 120 km/h takes 36 seconds to achieve and 12 seconds to brake to a stop, simply remove the ‘0’ to find stopping time from speed.
The 4 Step Driving ScoreCard System is designed so that Steps 1 and 4 may be taught while stationary or as a passenger in a car from 12 years of age, while all exercises should be observed as they are performed by other drivers. 360degree Observation includes mirrors and shoulder check.
Exercise 1: The Driving ScoreCard System 4 Steps
Learn by Observing others; The Driving ScoreCard System in 
5 Years 
15,000 Kilometres 
And about the car Manual 


Checks 


Law 


Rules 


360degree Observation 


Anticipation 


Reaction 


Coordination 


Concentration 


Commentary 





The Driving ScoreCard System 


Step 1: Prepare to MoveOff 


Step 2: Drive to Speed Km/h, or 


Reverse 


Park streets and car parks 


Turn Left and Right 


Lane Change 


Roundabouts 


Traffic Lights 


Yield 


Pass 


Judgement Distance/Speed 


Judgment Height/Weight 


Overtake 





Step 3: Stop normally 


Is 3 times faster than Drive 


Stop in Emergency 


Is 6 times faster than Drive 





Step 4: Secure the car 


Exercise 2: Understanding Speed of 10 km/h
The control of 10 km/h requires 4 seconds in 5 metres, while
10 km/h between 110 and 120 km/h requires 4 seconds but 128m
Time required remains the same, but distance increases 26 times
The Highway Code Stopping should be in Time and Distance.
The Rules of the Road stopping is copied from the Highway Code.
The difference in controlling speed of 10 km/h
The control of 10 km/h
The Driving ScoreCard System 
Seconds 
Metres 



Step 2: Drive to 10 km/h 
3 
4 
Step 3: Stop normally 3 times faster 
1 
1 
Total Time/Distance Required 
4 
5 
The Control of 10 km/h between 110 and 120 km/h
The Driving ScoreCard System 
Seconds 
Metres 



Step 2: Drive from 110 to 120 km/h 
3 
96 
Step 3: Stop normally 3 times faster 
1 
32 
Total Time/Distance Required 
4 
128 



This is a reason Drivers Crash 


Exercise 3: Prepare to Moveoff & Secure the Car
The Driving ScoreCard System in 
Seconds 
Metres 
Prepare to Moveoff 
3 

On a slight hill, select first gear 


Clutch pedal to biting point 


Two Hands on steering wheel 


Indicator covered 


Observe 360° including mirrors 


Signal if helpful or useful 


Acceleration if necessary 


Release the hand/parking brake 





Secure the car 
3 

Apply the hand/parking brake 


Put the gear to neutral 


Cancel the signal if on 


Release the clutch pedal 


Cover clutch and accelerator pedals 


Exercise 4: Steering 6 turns while Observing
Forward and Backwards
Car Parked straight 30 cm from a kerb or marker
Efficient Steering and Observation without accelerating
Steering while observing Forward and in Mirrors
The Driving ScoreCard System in 
Seconds 
Metres 
Car secured and Engine Started 


Clutch and Accelerator Covered 


Steer 1.5 turns left 
1.5 

Steer 3 turns right 
3 

Steer 1.5 turns left 
1.5 

Total Time Required 
6 

Steering while observing Backwards
The Driving ScoreCard System in 
Seconds 
Metres 
Car secured & Engine started 


Clutch & Accelerator covered 


Steer 1.5 turns left 
1.5 

Steer 3 turns right 
3 

Steer 1.5 turns left 
1.5 

Total Time Required 
6 

Acceleration in error is Crash Cause 


Stage 2: The control of speed in restricted space
Exercise 5: Drive or Reverse 1 car length
Begin and end straight 30 cm from the kerb
Required: Clutch Control and Slow speed Driving
The Driving ScoreCard System in 
Seconds 
Metres 
Step 1: Prepare to MoveOff 
3 

Step 2: Drive 4 metres 
9 
4 
Step 3: Stop normally 3 times faster 
3 

Step 4: Secure the car 
3 

Total Time Required in Distance 
18 
4 
Reverse 1 car length
Begin and end straight 30 cm from the kerb
Required: Clutch Control and Slow speed Reversing
The Driving ScoreCard System in 
Seconds 
Metres 
Step 1: Prepare to MoveOff 
3 

Step 2: Reverse 4 metres 
9 
4 
Step 3: Stop normally 3 times faster 
3 

Step 4: Secure the car 
3 

Total Time Required in Distance 
18 
4 
Exercise 6: Drive and Reverse 4 metres and Steer
Begin and end straight 30 cm from the kerb
Required: Slow Driving and Fast Steering
The Driving ScoreCard System in 
Seconds 
Metres 
Step 1: Prepare to MoveOff 
3 

Step 2: Drive 4m and steer 6 turns 
9 
4 
Steer right 1.5 turns 


Steer left 3 turns 


Steer right 1.5 turns 


Step 3: Stop normally 3 times faster 
3 

Step 4: Secure the car 
3 

Total Time Required in Distance 
18 
4 
Reverse 4 metres and Steer
Begin and end straight 30 cm from the kerb
Required: Slow Reversing and Fast Steering
The Driving ScoreCard System in 
Seconds 
Metres 
Step 1: Prepare to MoveOff 
3 

Step 2: Reverse 4m and steer 3 turns 
9 
4 
Steer right 1.5 turns 


Steer left 3 turns 


Steer right 1.5 turns 


Step 3: Stop normally 3 times faster 
3 

Step 4: Secure the car 
3 

Total Time Required in Distance 
18 
4 
Exercise 7: Position and Parallel Park
Position to Park from behind a parked car
Requires: Coordination of the Eyes, Hands and Feet
The Driving ScoreCard System in 
Seconds 
Metres 
Step 1: Prepare to Move Off 
3 

Step 2: Drive 8m and Steer 6 turns 
6 
8 
Steer right 1.5 turns 


Steer left 3 turns 


Steer right 1.5 turns 


Step 3: Stop normally 3 times faster 
2 

Step 4: Secure the car 
3 

Total Time Required in Distance 
14 
8 
Parallel Park
From a position 1m beside a parked car
The Driving ScoreCard System in 
Seconds 
Metres 
Step 1: Prepare to Move Off 
3 

Step 2: Reverse 8m and Steer 5 turns 
6 
8 
Steer left 1 turn 


Steer right 2.5 turns 


Steer left 1.5 turns 


Step 3: Stop normally 3 times faster 
2 

Step 4: Secure the car 
3 

Total Time Required in Distance 
14 
8 
Exercise 8: Position and Perpendicular park
Drive from a space beside a parked car
Requires; Coordination of the Eyes, Hands and Feet
The Driving ScoreCard System in 
Seconds 
Metres 
Step 1: Prepare to Move Off 
3 

Step 2: Drive 8m and Steer 3 turns 
6 
8 
Steer left 1.5 turns 


Steer right 1.5 turns 


Step 3: Stop normally 3 times faster 
2 

Step 4: Secure the car 
3 

Total Time Required in Distance 
14 
8 
Perpendicular Park
Reverse from a space 1m in front of a parked car
The Driving ScoreCard System in 
Seconds 
Metres 
Step 1: Prepare to Move Off 
3 

Step 2: Reverse 8m and Steer 3 turns 
6 
8 
Steer left 1.5 turns 


Steer Right 1.5 turns 


Step 3: Stop normally 3 times faster 
2 

Step 4: Secure the car 
3 

Total Time Required in Distance 
14 
8 
Exercise 9: Drive and Reverse 16 metres around a car
Drive from a space behind a parked car
Requires: Coordination of the Eyes, Hands and Feet
The Driving ScoreCard System in 
Seconds 
Metres 
Step 1: Prepare to Move Off 
3 

Step 2: Drive 16m & Steer 10 turns 
11 
16 
Steer Right 1.5 turns 


Steer left 3 turns 


Steer Right 1.5 turns 


Steer left 1.5 turns 


Steer right 2 turns 


Steer left .5 turns 


Step 3: Stop normally 3 times faster 
3 

Step 4: Secure the car 
3 

Total Time Required in Distance 
20 
16 
Reverse 16m around a parked car
Reverse from a space 8m in front of a parked car
Requires: Coordination of the Eyes, Hands and Feet
The Driving ScoreCard System 4 Steps in Time & Distance 
Seconds 
Metres 
Step 1: Prepare to Move Off 
3 

Step 2: Reverse 16m & Steer 12 turns 
11 
16 
Steer Right 1.5 turns 


Steer left 3 turns 


Steer Right 1.5 turns 


Steer left 1.5 turns 


Steer right 3 turns 


Steer left 1.5 turns 


Step 3: Stop normally 3 times faster 
3 

Step 4: Secure the car 
3 

Total Time Required in Distance 
20 
16 
Exercise 10: Drive and Reverse left 28m around a corner
3 car lengths before, 1 on and 3 car lengths after corner
Begin and end straight 30 cm from the kerb
Required: Efficient Driving, Steering and Observation
The Driving ScoreCard System in 
Seconds 
Metres 
Step 1: Prepare to Move Off 
3 

Step 2: Drive 28m and steer 3 turns 
21 
28 
Steer left 1.5 turns 


Steer Right 1.5 turns 


Step 3: Stop straight 30cm from kerb 
3 

Step 4: Secure the car 
3 

Total Time Required in Distance 
30 
28 
Reverse 28m left 7 car lengths around a corner
3 car lengths before, 1 on and 3 car lengths after corner
Begin and end straight 30 cm from the kerb
Required: Efficient Reversing, Steering and Observation
The Driving ScoreCard System 
Seconds 
Metres 
Step 1: Prepare to Move Off 
3 

Step 2: Reverse 28m and steer 3 turns 
21 
28 
Steer left 1.5 turns 


Steer Right 1.5 turns 


Step 3: Stop straight 30cm from kerb 
3 

Step 4: Secure the car 
3 

Total Time Required in Distance 
30 
28 
Exercise 11: A Turnabout or threepoint turn
Car 4m long, road 8m wide and 16m long
Begin and end straight 30 cm from the kerb
Required: Efficient Driving, Steering and Observation
Point 1 


The Driving ScoreCard System 
Seconds 
Metres 
Step 1: Prepare to Move Off 
3 

Step 2: Drive 8m & steer 4.5 turns 
6 
8 
Steer Right 1.5 turns 


Steer left 3 turns 


Step 3: Stop accurately 
3 

Step 4: Secure the car 
3 

Time Required in Distance 
15 
8 
Point 2 

The Driving ScoreCard System 
Seconds 
Metres 
Step 1: Prepare to Move Off 
3 

Step 2: Reverse 8m and steer 3 turns 
6 
8 
Steer right 3 turns 


Step 3: Stop accurately 
3 

Step 4: Secure the car 
3 

Time Required in Distance 
15 
8 
Point 3 


The Driving ScoreCard System 
Seconds 
Metres 
Step 1: Prepare to Move Off 
3 

Step 2: Drive 24m and steer 
6 
24 
Steer left 1.5 turns 


Step 3: Stop accurately 
3 

Step 4: Secure the car 
3 

Time Required in Distance 
15 
24 
Total turns of steering 9 


Total Time Required in Distance 
45 
40 
Exercise 12: Control of a speed of 10 km/h
Required: Efficient coordination of Eyes, hands and Feet
The Driving ScoreCard System 4 Steps in Time & Distance 
Seconds 
Metres 
Step 1: Prepare to Move Off 
3 

Step 2: Drive to 10 km/h 
3 
4 
Change to right lane 
3 
8 
Change to left lane 
3 
8 
Step 3: Stop normally 3 times faster 
1 
1 
Stop in Emergency 6 times faster 
0.50 
0.50 
Step 4: Secure the car 
3 

Total Time Required in Distance 
16 
21 
Exercise 13: Control of 20 km/h
The Driving ScoreCard System 4 Steps in Time & Distance 
Seconds 
Metres 
Step 1: Prepare to Move Off 
3 

Step 2: Drive to 20 km/h 
6 
18 
Change to right lane 
3 
17 
Change to left lane 
3 
17 
Step 3: Stop normally 3 times faster 
2 
6 
Stop in Emergency 6 times faster 
1 
3 
Step 4: Secure the car 
3 

Total Time Required in Distance 
16 
58 
Stopping and speed limits on twoway roads:
Stopping Time twoway from 20 km/h is in the same 2 seconds
Stopping Distance from 20 km/h is in two 6m distances, so
If 20 km/h is correct twoway then 30 km/h is correct oneway.
Exercise 14: Control of 30 km/h
The Driving ScoreCard System 4 Steps in Time & Distance 
Seconds 
Metres 
Step 1: Prepare to Move Off 
3 

Step 2: Drive to 30 km/h 
9 
38 
Change to right lane 
3 
25 
Change to left lane 
3 
25 
30 km/h to 15 km/h before a turn 
1.5 
6 
15 km/h to 30 km/h after a turn 
4.5 
18 
30 km/h overtakes 10 km/h 
6 
50 
Step 3: Stop normally 3 times faster 
3 
12 
Stop in Emergency 6 times faster 
1.5 
6 
Step 4: Secure the car 
3 

Total Time Required in Distance 
36 
174 
Stopping and speed limits on twoway roads:
Stopping Time twoway from 30 km/h is in the same 3 seconds
Stopping Distance from 30 km/h is in two 12m distances, so
If 30 km/h is correct twoway then 42 km/h is correct oneway.
Exercise 15: Control of 40 km/h
The Driving ScoreCard System 4 Steps in Time & Distance 
Seconds 
Metres 
Step 1: Prepare to Move Off 
3 

Step 2: Drive to 40 km/h 
12 
67 
Change to right lane 
3 
33 
Change to left lane 
3 
33 
40 km/h to 15 km/h before a turn 
2.5 
9 
15 km/h to 40 km/h after a turn 
7.5 
26 
40 km/h overtakes 20 km/h 
8 
89 
Step 3: Stop normally 3 times faster 
4 
22 
Stop in Emergency 6 times faster 
2 
11 
Step 4: Secure the car 
3 

Total Time Required in Distance 
46 
279 
Stopping and speed limits on twoway roads:
Stopping Time twoway from 40 km/h is in the same 4 seconds
Stopping Distance from 40 km/h is in two 22m distances, so
If 40 km/h is correct twoway then 56 km/h is correct oneway.
Stage 5: Control Speeds of 50 to 80 km/h
Exercise 16: Control of 50 km/h
The Driving ScoreCard System 4 Steps in Time & Distance 
Seconds 
Metres 
Step 1: Prepare to Move Off 
3 

Step 2: Drive to 50 km/h 
15 
105 
Change to right lane 
3 
42 
Change to left lane 
3 
42 
50 km/h to 15 km/h before a turn 
3.5 
24 
15 km/h to 50 km/h after a turn 
10.5 
73 
50 km/h overtakes 30 km/h 
10 
139 
Step 3: Stop normally 3 times faster 
5 
35 
Stop in Emergency 6 times faster 
2.5 
17 
Step 4: Secure the car 
3 

Total Time Required in Distance 
56 
460 
Stopping and speed limits on twoway roads:
Stopping Time twoway from 50 km/h is in the same 5 seconds
Stopping Distance from 50 km/h is in two 35m distances, so
If 50 km/h is correct twoway then 71 km/h is correct oneway.
 · Ramps are a misunderstanding of speed limits
Exercise 17: Control of 60 km/h
The Driving ScoreCard System 4 Steps in Time & Distance 
Seconds 
Metres 
Step 1: Prepare to Move Off 
3 

Step 2: Drive to 60 km/h 
18 
150 
Change to right lane 
3 
50 
Change to left lane 
3 
50 
60 km/h to 15 km/h before a turn 
4.5 
37 
15 km/h to 60 km/h after a turn 
13.5 
112 
60 km/h overtakes 40 km/h 
12 
200 
Step 3: Stop normally 3 times faster 
6 
50 
Stop in Emergency 6 times faster 
3 
25 
Step 4: Secure the car 
3 

Total Time Required in Distance 
66 
649 
Stopping and speed limits on twoway roads:
Stopping Time twoway from 60 km/h is in the same 6 seconds
Stopping Distance from 60 km/h is in two 50m distances, so
If 60 km/h is correct twoway then 85 km/h is correct oneway.
Exercise 18: Control of 70 km/h
The Driving ScoreCard System 4 Steps in Time & Distance 
Seconds 
Metres 
Step 1: Prepare to Move Off 
3 

Step 2: Drive to 70 km/h 
21 
204 
Change to right lane 
3 
58 
Change to left lane 
3 
58 
70 km/h to 15 km/h before a turn 
5.5 
42 
15 km/h to 70 km/h after a turn 
16.5 
126 
70 km/h overtakes 50 km/h 
14 
272 
Step 3: Stop normally 3 times faster 
7 
68 
Stop in Emergency 6 times faster 
3.5 
34 
Step 4: Secure the car 
3 

Total Time Required in Distance 
76 
828 
Stopping and speed limits on twoway roads:
Stopping Time twoway from 70 km/h is in the same 7 seconds
Stopping Distance from 70 km/h is in two 68m distances, so
If 70 km/h is correct twoway then 99 km/h is correct oneway.
Exercise 19: Control of 80 km/h
The Driving ScoreCard System 4 Steps in Time & Distance 
Seconds 
Metres 
Step 1: Prepare to Move Off 
3 

Step 2: Drive to 80 km/h 
24 
267 
Change to right lane 
3 
67 
Change to left lane 
3 
67 
80 km/h to 15 km/h before a turn 
6.5 
72 
15 km/h to 80 km/h after a turn 
19.5 
216 
80 km/h overtakes 60 km/h 
16 
355 
Step 3: Stop normally 3 times faster 
8 
89 
Stop in Emergency 6 times faster 
4 
44 
Step 4: Secure the car 
3 

Total Time Required in Distance 
86 
1,133 
Stopping and speed limits on twoway roads:
Stopping Time twoway from 80 km/h is in the same 8 seconds
Stopping Distance from 80 km/h is in two 89m distances, so
If 80 km/h is correct twoway then 113 km/h is correct oneway.
There are few clear 1,133 metre roads in which to teach this
Setting amber/yellow light time at 3 seconds is a mistake
What cannot be taught, cannot be tested.
Stage 6: Control Speeds of 90 and 100 km/h
Exercise 20: Control of 90 km/h
The Driving ScoreCard System 4 Steps in Time & Distance 
Seconds 
Metres 
Step 1: Prepare to Move Off 
3 



Step 2: Drive to 90 km/h 
27 
338 
Change to right lane 
3 
75 
Change to left lane 
3 
75 
90 km/h to 15 km/h before a turn 
7.5 
94 
15 km/h to 90 km/h after a turn 
22.5 
281 
90 km/h overtakes 70 km/h 
18 
450 
Step 3: Stop normally 3 times faster 
9 
112 
Stop in Emergency 6 times faster 
4.5 
56 
Step 4: Secure the car 
3 

Total Time Required in Distance 
96 
1,425 
Stopping and speed limits on twoway roads:
Stopping Time twoway from 90 km/h is in the same 9 seconds
Stopping Distance from 90 km/h is in two 112m distances, so
If 90 km/h is correct twoway then 127 km/h is correct oneway.
Exercise 21: Control 100 km/h
The Driving ScoreCard System 4 Steps in Time & Distance 
Seconds 
Metres 
Step 1: Prepare to Move Off 
3 

Step 2: Drive to 100 km/h 
30 
417 
Change to right lane 
3 
83 
Change to left lane 
3 
83 
100 km/h to 15 km/h before a turn 
8.5 
118 
15 km/h to 100 km/h after a turn 
25.5 
354 
100 km/h overtakes 80 km/h 
20 
555 
Step 3: Stop normally 3 times faster 
10 
139 
Stop in Emergency 6 times faster 
5 
69 
Step 4: Secure the car 
3 

Total Time Required in Distance 
106 
1,749 
Stopping and speed limits on twoway roads:
Stopping Time twoway from 100 km/h is in the same 10 seconds
Stopping Distance from 100 km/h is in two 139m distances, so
If 100 km/h is correct twoway then 141 km/h is correct oneway.
Stage 7: Control Speeds of 110 to 120 km/h on Motorways
Exercise 22: Control of 110 km/h on a Motorway
The Driving ScoreCard System 4 Steps in Time & Distance 
Seconds 
Metres 
Step 1: Prepare to Move Off 
3 

Step 2: Drive to 110 km/h 
33 
504 
Change to right lane 
3 
92 
Change to left lane 
3 
92 
110 km/h overtakes 90 km/h 
22 
672 
Step 3: Stop normally 3 times faster 
11 
168 
Stop in Emergency 6 times faster 
5.5 
84 
Step 4: Secure the car 
3 

Total Time Required in Distance 
78 
1,528 
Stopping and speed limits on oneway and motorway roads:
Stopping Time from 110 km/h is in 11 seconds
Stopping Distance from 110 km/h is in 168m, so
If 110 km/h is correct oneway then 78 km/h is correct twoway
Exercise 23: Control 120 km/h on a Motorway
The Driving ScoreCard System 4 Steps in Time & Distance 
Seconds 
Metres 
Step 1: Prepare to Move Off 
3 

Step 2: Drive to 120 km/h 
36 
600 
Change to right lane 
3 
100 
Change to left lane 
3 
100 
120 km/h overtakes 100 km/h 
24 
800 
Step 3: Stop normally 3 times faster 
12 
200 
Stop in Emergency 6 times faster 
6 
100 
Step 4: Secure the car 
3 

Total Time Required in Distance 
84 
1,800 
Stopping and speed limits on oneway roads:
Stopping Time from 120 km/h is in 12 seconds
Stopping Distance from 120 km/h is in 200m, so
If 120 km/h is correct oneway then 85 km/h is correct twoway.
Conclusion
Having discovered the previously undiscovered relationship between acceleration and braking the Driving ScoreCard System is designed based on VBOX measurements to establish the standard and speed limitation of; doctors, rule makers, driving instructors, driving testers, roads cars and their drivers to maximum speed limits allowed or their speed limitations, in any country worldwide.
I invite the Transport Research Laboratory TRL the designer of the present stopping distance formulas and their 1,000 clients in 145 countries worldwide, as well as Competence Assurance Systems CAS, the designer of the Road Safety Authority RSA Essential Driver Training Lessons EDT in 12 hours and the RSA, including the European Transport Safety Council ETSC, the European Commission EC, Europe Direct ED, the Driver Vehicle and Standards Agency DVSA, the Highway Code, Police, Gardai, the Health and Safety Authority HSA, the National Standards Association of Ireland NSAI, the Irish National Accreditation Board INACB, the Garda Siochana Ombudsman Commission GSOC, the Policing Authority and any rule maker worldwide to disprove my research findings by demonstration (Not in writing) while using VBOX, the world’s most accurate recorder of speed in time and distance.
The aim of my research is to eliminate all road crashes worldwide, not just death and injury crashes.
Drivers achieving and maintaining the Driving ScoreCard System should not crash.
Frank Cullinane
Road Traffic Crash Researcher and Investigator
2019